The European Union
in partnership with
The Brookings Institution
are pleased to announce
The EU Defense Washington Forum
Wednesday, July 8, 2020
9:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m. EDT
Thursday, July 9, 2020
9:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m. EDT
The EU Defense Washington Forum convened leaders, policy makers and experts in the field of security and defense from the United States and the European Union for a virtual discussion on the pressing security matters facing the transatlantic community.
High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell and Germany's Defense Minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer were the keynote speakers at this year's EU Defense Washington Forum. Minister Kramp-Karrenbauer delivered remarks on behalf of the German presidency of the Council of the European Union.
This year’s forum discussed the impacts of COVID on transatlantic security, as well as other timely topics such as addressing the technology challenge from China, defense spending and capabilities, EU-US-NATO cooperation, deterrence, non-proliferation and arms control.
8 JULY 2020 – DAY 1
Director and Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution
Head of the Political, Security, and Development Section, EU Delegation to the U.S.
9:00 am Welcome Remarks
• Stavros Lambrinidis, EU Ambassador to the United States
• Gen. (Ret.) John R. Allen, President, Brookings Institution
9:10 am Transatlantic Link Today and Tomorrow
• Conversation with Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, Minister of Defense, Germany, on behalf of the German presidency of the EU Council
• Moderator: Constanze Stelzenmüller, Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution
9:40 am Transatlantic Defense Policy after the Virus
The COVID-19 crisis is arguably one of the most serious challenges to confront Europe and the United States since World War II. For some, it marks the end of the post-9/11 moment which must force us to adapt our definition of national security. For others, not much has changed. For others still, it will accelerate great power competition. What implications will COVID-19 have on the transatlantic security landscape, including strategic reflections within the EU and NATO?
• R. Clarke Cooper, Assistant Secretary for Political-Military Affairs, U.S. Department of State
• Charles Fries, Deputy Secretary General for Common Security and Defence Policy, European External Action Service
• Kori Schake, Director, Foreign and Defense Policy Studies, American Enterprise Institute
• Moderator: Mara Karlin, Nonresident Senior Fellow, Security and Strategy, Brookings Institution; Director of Strategic Studies and Associate Professor, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies
10:30 am Defense Spending and Capabilities after COVID-19
Is defense spending destined to plummet as a result of the global pandemic and associated economic downturn? How can resources be allocated more effectively? What capabilities do Europeans need given the range of challenges they face? How can U.S. and European institutions improve their pandemic preparedness?
• Conversation with Ellen Lord, Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, U.S. Department of Defense
followed by panel featuring:
• General Claudio Graziano, Chairman, EU Military Committee
• Timo Pesonen, Director General for Defence Industry and Space, European Commission
• Jiȓi Šedivẏ, Chief Executive, European Defence Agency
• Kelly Magsamen, Vice President, National Security and International Policy, Center for American Progress
• Moderator: Michael E. O’Hanlon, Senior Fellow and Director of Research, Foreign Policy, Brookings Institution
11:30 am Operational Cooperation in Africa
What are the main challenges on the ground and how can transatlantic military cooperation help to address them? How are Operation Irini and the EU Training Mission in Mali supporting security and stability? How can the EU support its partners to address the COVID-19 crisis, including through civil-military cooperation, and what role could NATO play to change its engagement in Africa?
• Kate Almquist Knopf, Director, Africa Center for Strategic Studies, U.S. Department of Defense
• Major General Hermínio Maio, Deputy Director, Military Planning and Conduct Capability, European External Action Service
• Brigadier General František Ridzák, Mission Force Commander, EU Training Mission Mali
• Brigadier General William Zana, Deputy Director for J5 Politico-Military Affairs (Africa)
• Moderator: Kimberly Dozier, Global Affairs Analyst, CNN
12:15 pm Deterrence, Non-Proliferation, and Arms Control
This panel looked at the U.S. withdrawal from the INF treaty citing Russian violations and what comes next; the German decision on dual-capable aircraft; and the future of the arms control/non-proliferation regime, including New Start, as well as the need to expand key frameworks to include China.
• Conversation with Marshall Billingslea, U.S. Special Presidential Envoy for Arms Control followed by panel featuring:
• Susanne Baumann, German Federal Government Commissioner for Disarmament and Arms Control
• Bonnie Jenkins, Nonresident Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Brookings Institution
• Moderator: Frank Rose, Senior Fellow, Security and Strategy, Foreign Policy, Brookings Institution
1:30 pm Day 1 Conclusion
9 JULY 2020 –DAY 2
9:00 am Welcome Remarks
• Dearbhla Doyle, Head of the Political, Security, and Development Section, EU Delegation to the U.S.
• Thomas Wright, Director and Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution
09:05 am EU Defense, EU-NATO Cooperation Today and Tomorrow
Josep Borrell, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Vice President of the European Commission
• Conversation with Mircea Geoană, Deputy Secretary General, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and Gen. (Ret.) John R. Allen, President, Brookings Institution
9:45 am Opportunities to Strengthen EU-NATO-US Cooperation: From Military Mobility to Resilience
What can the EU, NATO and the U.S. do to reinforce each other on resilience building, protection of critical infrastructure and assets, hybrid, and 5G? What are the opportunities and challenges to increase military mobility? What are the prospects for future EU-NATO cooperation in Europe and operational theatres, such as Afghanistan and Iraq?
• James Appathurai, Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
• Kathleen Hicks, Senior Vice President, Henry A. Kissinger Chair, and Director, International Security Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies
• Herald Ruijters, Director for Investment, Innovative, and Sustainable Transport, DG Mobility and Transport, European Commission
• Michael Ryan, Deputy Assistant Secretary for European and NATO Policy, U.S. Department of Defense
• Moderator: Fiona Hill, Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution
10:45 am EU Defense and Transatlantic Security: A Perspective from Latvia
• Conversation with Dr. Artis Pabriks, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defense, Republic of Latvia
• Moderator: Molly Montgomery, Nonresident Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution, and Vice President, Europe Practice, Albright Stonebridge Group
11:00 am Addressing the Technology Challenge Posed by China
How can the United States and Europe cooperate on defense policy to address the China challenge? What are the key differences likely to be? Is some decoupling necessary, especially with regard to technology and critical supply chains? What are the implications of 5G security on defense cooperation? How can the US, the EU, and NATO foster innovation to better leverage AI and work together towards setting international rules for AI? How can the EU and US preserve space for cooperation with China?
• Elbridge Colby, Principal, The Marathon Initiative
• Alice Ekman, Senior Analyst, Asia, EU Institute for Security Studies
• Laura Rosenberger, Senior Fellow and Director, Alliance for Securing Democracy, German Marshall Fund of the United States
• Khalil Rouhana, Deputy Director General, Communications Networks, Content and Technology, European Commission
• Moderator: Lindsey Ford, David M. Rubenstein Fellow, Foreign Policy, Brookings Institution
12 pm Leadership in Defense: Voices from Parliament
• Chrissy Houlahan, Member of Congress (Pennsylvania-6) House Foreign Affairs and Armed Services Committees
• Will Hurd, Member of Congress (Texas-23), House Appropriations Committee and House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
• Radosław Sikorski, Member of the European Parliament, Chair of the Delegation for Relations with the United States
• Moderator: Thomas Wright, Director and Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution
12:40 pm Concluding Conversation on EU Defense and the Transatlantic Security: Perspective from the Netherlands
• Conversation with Ank Bijleveld, Minister of Defense, The Netherlands
• Moderator: Amanda Sloat, Robert Bosch Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution
1:00 pm Forum Conclusion
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